Siena, located in the heart of Tuscany and surrounded by hills, is one of the most beautiful medieval cities in Italy.
The fulcrum of the city is the famous Piazza del Campo, with its particular shell shape, where the famous Palio is held, one of the most important events for all Sienese people.
The walls of Siena that we see today were not built in a single solution but are the result of a long process of modification and growth that began well before the Early Middle Ages and ended in the mid-16th century. This increase has followed the urban evolution of the city which from the primitive village of Castelvecchio has expanded through the aggregation of neighboring villages following the particular orography of the territory.
The aggregation of villages was the prevalent phenomenon that occurred in the early Middle Ages and involved the first wall circuits: it led to the delineation of a form of city on a ridge: the city at the top in correspondence with the ridge, the walls a short distance on the first crags of the slope; the expansion of some areas of the city (to include wetlands with the presence of sources) was the phenomenon that occurred starting from the fourteenth century and mostly affected the circle visible today and those immediately preceding it.
Presented by Romano Pisciotti