The “Littorina”

It/Eng.version

Around 1930 a new type of trains appeared all over Europe: self-propelled railcars powered by liquid fuel, consisting of a single unit with an open interior including the driver’s seat. The German Schienenbus looked like a bus that was put on the rails. In Italy, a car manufacturer took this concept to a higher level. The Fiat automotrici were modern, efficient and beautifully designed.

The Littorina can be regarded as a co-production of Mussolini and Fiat president Agnelli. The new train type helped achieve Mussolini’s political goals, proudly carrying the symbol of his fascist party on its front. Agnelli was able to realize his ambitions for Fiat’s railway division — as far as in Africa.

by Arjan den Boer

 

 

Even today, for many Italians who are no longer very young, the “Littorina” is that small brown train, very similar to a coach, which was driven like a truck and that ran quickly between the valleys, the mountains and the thousand, small, stations of the Italian province.
This was precisely the key to the popular success of this train in the late 1930s. With this means, on many lines, the expensive and heavy steam traction could be eliminated, gaining speed, flexibility of use and economy of operation. Furthermore, the Italian mechanical engineering industry was well prepared and equipped for the production of light vehicles with internal combustion and the railway administration was very interested in the development of this type of rolling stock.
In short, everything contributed to the rapid realization of a consolidated national design of this strange train, very similar to the buses of the time, of which many small details were also reused.
The first light railcar built for the FS, the legendary Alb 48 petrol, entered into operation on the Cerignola-Campagna-Cerignola line in 1933 and the success was immediate: elegant, light, equipped with comfortable body and provided with numerous windows, able to reach 110 km / h on the plain and be able to proceed in both directions. As soon as the trial period ended, about sixty of these railcars were used on the FS lines and many other types of diesel railcars were developed by the national industry for the FS, which built a specific Officina Motori for the maintenance of these vehicles in Florence.

It was only a stage of the prestigious evolution of these rail vehicles in Italy, a path that will take the FS to the first places in the world in this particular sector of railway traction. At the beginning of 1940 over 800 railcars of various types covered the Italian lines.

Ancora oggi, per molti italiani non più giovanissimi, la “Littorina” è quel piccolo treno marrone, molto simile ad un pullman, che si guidava come un camion e che correva veloce tra le valli, le montagne e le mille, piccole, stazioni della provincia italiana.

Proprio questa fu la chiave del successo popolare di questo treno alla fine degli anni ‘30. Con questo mezzo, su molte linee, si riusciva ad eliminare la costosa e pesante trazione a vapore guadagnando in velocità, flessibilità di impiego ed economia di esercizio. Inoltre l’industria meccanica italiana era ben preparata ed attrezzata per la produzione di mezzi di trasporto leggeri a combustione interna e l’amministrazione ferroviaria nutriva molto interesse per lo sviluppo di rotabili di questo tipo.

Tutto concorse, insomma, alla rapida realizzazione di una progettazione nazionale consolidata di questo strano trenino, molto simile agli autobus dell’epoca, dei quali venivano riutilizzati anche molti piccoli particolari.

Le prime automotrici leggere costruite per le FS, le mitiche Alb 48 a benzina, entrarono in esercizio sulla linea Cerignola-Campagna-Cerignola nel 1933 ed il successo fu immediato: eleganti, leggere, fornite di carrozzeria comoda e provviste di numerose finestre, capaci di raggiungere in pianura i 110 Km/h ed atte a procedere indifferentemente nei due sensi di marcia. Non appena terminato il periodo di prova una sessantina di queste automotrici fu impiegato sulle linee FS e numerosi altri tipi di automotrici diesel  furono sviluppate dall’industria nazionale per le FS che realizzarono a Firenze una specifica Officina Motori per la manutenzione di questi mezzi.

Era solo una tappa della prestigiosa evoluzione di questi mezzi ferroviari in Italia, un percorso che porterà le FS ai primi posti nel mondo in questo particolare settore della trazione ferroviaria. All’inizio del 1940 oltre 800 automotrici di vario tipo percorrevano le linee italiane.

1933 Littorina

Presented by Romano Pisciotti

Progetto Zero – Project Zero

It/Eng.version

Il Progetto Zero di Agusta

Progetto Zero is an entirely electric aircraft capable of lifting vertically like a helicopter

Progetto Zero è un velivolo interamente elettrico capace di sollevarsi in verticale come un elicottero

This is an entirely electric aircraft capable of lifting vertically like a helicopter thanks to two large intubated propellers which, once in the air, rotate 90 degrees allowing it to run horizontally like an airplane. This technology is an evolution of a knowledge gained with the construction of the AW 619 convertiplane that Agusta Westland is testing for civil transport. But with Project Zero we go, in fact, over running everything with electricity and not with traditional engines.

Si tratta di un velivolo interamente elettrico capace di sollevarsi in verticale come un elicottero grazie a due grandi eliche intubate che, una volta nell’aria, ruotano di 90 gradi permettendo di procedere in orizzontale come un aeroplano. Questa tecnologia è un’evoluzione di una conoscenza maturata con la costruzione del convertiplano AW 619 che Agusta Westland sta collaudando per il trasporto civile. Ma con il Progetto Zero si va, appunto, oltre facendo funzionare tutto con l’elettricità e non con motori tradizionali.

The other innovative aspects concern the ability to self-manage alone in flight (it has radar altimeter, Gps and self-governing systems) and is built with criteria of great simplicity as well as having lightweight structures in composite materials. Other applied solutions concern the eco-compatibility: its silence is a record. Of this aircraft with the vague forms of science fiction curated by Stile Bertone, the first phase of testing has now been concluded, demonstrating the effectiveness of the choices made.

Gli altri aspetti innovativi riguardano la capacità di autogestirsi da solo in volo (ha radar altimetro, Gps e sistemi di autogoverno) ed è costruito con criteri di grande semplicità oltre ad avere strutture leggerissime in materiali compositi. Altre soluzioni applicate riguardano poi l’eco-compatibilità: la sua silenziosità è da record. Di questo velivolo dalle vaghe forme quasi da fantascienza curate da Stile Bertone, si è conclusa ora la prima fase di test dimostrando l’efficacia delle scelte compiute.

Il progetto è frutto di un investimento della società che ha coinvolto quindici società fornitrici di varie parti e conoscenze, quattro delle quali sono straniere (Giappone, Usa, Gran Bretagna). Le altre sono tutte italiane, la maggior parte del gruppo Finmeccanica come Selex Es che ha costruito il cervello di guida. Altre provengono da campi diversi (automobili e motociclette) e che ora hanno portato anche metodi diversi nel sofisticato mondo aeronautico soprattutto nell’ottica di tagliare i costi. Progetto Zero è un efficace piano di ricerca tecnologica che potrà essere prezioso per sostenere una capacità italiana nel settore e mantenerla a quel livello di competitività internazionale che oggi detiene.

 

The project is the result of an investment by the company that involved fifteen companies supplying various parts and knowledge, four of which are foreign (Japan, USA, Great Britain). The others are all Italian, most of the Finmeccanica group like Selex Es who built the driving brain. Others come from different fields (cars and motorcycles) and now they have also brought different methods to the sophisticated aeronautical world, especially with a view to cutting costs. Progetto Zero is an effective technological research plan that can be valuable to support an Italian capacity in the sector and keep it at the level of international competitiveness it holds today. 

 

Romano Pisciotti: LIKE

(ITALMOTOR)

Il Grattacielo Pirelli

l grattacielo Pirelli progettato dall’architetto Gio Ponti nel 1950 e inaugurato nel 1960, con i suoi 127 metri d’altezza distribuiti su 31 piani, le linee essenziali e un’architettura tanto imponente quanto leggera, è uno degli edifici in cemento armato più alti al mondo.

The Pirelli skyscraper designed by architect Gio Ponti in 1950 and inaugurated in 1960, with its 127 meters of height distributed over 31 floors, the essential lines and an architecture as impressive as it is light, is one of the tallest reinforced concrete buildings in the world.

La torre fu costruita su commissione del gruppo Pirelli, che voleva trasferire gli uffici di viale Abruzzi in un edificio rappresentativo e strategico, vicino alla Stazione Centrale e nel nascente centro direzionale di via Vittor Pisani. L’area era quella un tempo occupata dalla Cascina Brusada, proprio di fronte al primo insediamento della fabbrica di gomma trasferita in Bicocca nel 1909. Furono Piero e Alberto Pirelli (nelle foto con Leopoldo) a volere la nuova sede rappresentativa del gruppo che venne inaugurata il 4 aprile 1960, ospitava 2mila persone, fra 1.200 dipendenti dell’azienda e uffici di terzi. Ben presto il Pirellone divenne simbolo della ricostruzione e del miracolo economico postbellico italiano.

The tower was commissioned by the Pirelli group, who wanted to transfer the offices of viale Abruzzi in a representative and strategic building, close to the Central Station and in the emerging business center of via Vittor Pisani. The area was once occupied by Cascina Brusada, right in front of the first settlement of the rubber factory moved to Bicocca in 1909. It was Piero and Alberto Pirelli (pictured with Leopoldo) to want the new representative seat of the group that was inaugurated on 4 April 1960, it housed 2 thousand people, including 1,200 company employees and third-party offices. Soon the Pirellone became a symbol of the reconstruction and the Italian post-war economic miracle.

Romano Pisciotti: LIKE

ss/Leonardo da Vinci

The Italian ship Leonardo da Vinci 

The Leonardo da Vinci was a passenger ship of Italy – Genoa Navigation Company , a company belonging to the group IRI – Finmare , better known in the world of international shipping as the Italian Line

 

The ship, built in shipyard Ansaldo Sestri Ponente, with construction number 1550, was launched December 7, 1958 and godmother of the launch was Mrs. Carla Bissatini, wife of Giovanni Gronchi, third President of the Italian Republic.

Leonardo da Vinci

The “Leonardo da Vinci” was eleven bridges connected by twenty-one lifts, could accommodate 1326 passengers and had five pools, two of them for children. The first class pool had an infrared heater to make its use possible in the winter season.

The onboard facilities including a hospital with an operating room, radiology laboratory, gynecological clinic, gym and rooms for physiotherapy, three barber shops, a teletype for the televised edition printing of the Corriere della Sera, an auditorium with 300 seats , a chapel, a playground for children.

For electrical services on board the ship had four generators, able to illuminate a city of 150,000 inhabitants. also it possessed a seawater desalination plant capable of producing 700,000 liters.

The Leonardo da Vinci was a particularly luxurious and fast ship, very finely decorated and extremely innovative features.

It was the first ship class cabins all with private facilities, air conditioning in all rooms, four retractable stabilizer fins on the hull and twin engines, with a single power unit dedicated to each of the two propellers, a feature normally reserved for military ships.

Presented by Romano Pisciotti, ITALMOTOR

LANCIA “Esatau”

Lancia Esatau truck chassis were produced from 1947 to 1963, when the model was replaced by the Lancia Esagamma. In 1947 Lancia presented the first version which was called Esatau 864. The truck were also used by the Italian army for transporting soldiers and army vehicles.

 

Lancia Esatau V.10

The Lancia Esatau V.10 was in production from 1948 to 1953. It had an engine of 122HP.

Lancia Esatau V.11

The V.11 was manufactured from 1951 to 1952, with the body from Garavini. It was powered by a Lancia V10 engine, producing 122 bhp (91 kW). In the side of the doors the seats are double. The city bus version was 10,500 mm (413.4 in) long, and a suburban version was 11,000 mm (433.1 in) long. A total of 52 were produced.

A 12,000 mm (472.4 in) trolleybus version was built for Athens in Greece, with 46 in service. The V.11 trolley bus version had two doors, and had capacity for 27 seated and 73 standing passengers. The V.11 was used in Athens from 1961 until 1991. The same trolleybuses was used in Florence and in Capua too.

Lancia Esatau V.81

The Lancia Esatau V.81 was produced from 1953 to 1959. Most bodies were made by Viberti, with the last 23 by Pistoiesi. A total of 183 were built. The V.81 came in two lengths, the Lancia PV81 powered version (with 130 bhp (97 kW)) at 10,400 mm (409.4 in) long and the Lancia V10 powered version 11,000 mm (433.1 in) long. The V10 originally produced 138 bhp (103 kW) and from 1957 144 bhp (107 kW).

The weight of a Lancia Esatau V.81 is 9,3 tonnes. The bus had 18 seats and space for an additional 30 standing passengers.

Presented by Romano Pisciotti, ITALMOTOR

IVECO

Seaplane

 

 

The Macchi M.C. 72 was an experimental seaplane designed and built by the Italian aircraft company Macchi Aeronautica. The M.C. 72 held the world speed record for all aircraft for five years. In 1933 and 1934, it set a world speed record for piston engine-powered seaplanes which still stands.

A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water. Seaplanes that can also take off and land on airfields are in a subclass called amphibious aircraft. Seaplanes and amphibians are usually divided into two categories based on their technological characteristics: floatplanes and flying boats; the latter are generally far larger and can carry far more. These aircraft were sometimes called hydroplanes, but currently this term applies instead to motor-powered

A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water. Seaplanes that can also take off and land on airfields are in a subclass called amphibious aircraft. Seaplanes and amphibians are usually divided into two categories based on their technological characteristics: floatplanes and flying boats; the latter are generally far larger and can carry far more. These aircraft were sometimes called hydroplanes, but currently this term applies instead to motor-powered watercraft that use the technique of hydrodynamic lift to skim the surface of water when running at speed.

Their use gradually tailed off after World War II, partially because of the investments in airports during the war. In the 21st century, seaplanes maintain a few niche uses, such as for dropping water on forest fires, air transport around archipelagos, and access to undeveloped or roadless areas, some of which have numerous lakes.

that use the technique of hydrodynamic lift to skim the surface of water when running at speed.

Their use gradually tailed off after World War II, partially because of the investments in airports during the war. In the 21st century, seaplanes maintain a few niche uses, such as for dropping water on forest fires, air transport around archipelagos, and access to undeveloped or roadless areas, some of which have numerous lakes.

Presented by Romano Pisciotti, ITALMOTOR

Perini Navi

“The most beautiful feature of a yacht is the sea around it”

Fabio Perini

Perini Navi è l’unico cantiere navale al mondo che disegna, sviluppa e produce autonomamente i propri yacht.

Perini Navi is the only shipyard in the world that designs, develops and manufactures its own yachts.

THE FOUNDER

Born into a papermaking family in the province of Lucca, Fabio Perini invented and patented an automated mechanism for paper manufacturing at the tender age of 17. Just over a year later, he was already running his own business. In 1966, he founded Fabio Perini SpA, a company that would make history in the world of tissue paper. In less than 20 years, the company became the world leader in its field with facilities across the globe.

A FLAIR FOR INNOVATION

In 1983, Fabio Perini transferred his flair for innovation to boat building by creating a new concept for the design, construction and handling of large sailing yachts that drew on cutting-edge technology and a different distribution of space. Since then, Perini Navi has delivered 60 bluewater sailing yachts, the majority over 40m in length. The launch of 50m Exuma, 55m Galileo G and 73m Grace E, today named Nautilus, three exceptional explorer yachts built by the yard in La Spezia, firmly established the group’s reputation as a builder of both sailing and motor yachts.

MALTESE FALCON

IN THE BEGINNING

Perini Navi was founded in Viareggio in 1983 when Fabio Perini launched a prototype sailing yacht with ample living space that could be sailed with a reduced crew. That vision grew into the most successful fleet of large bluewater cruisers in the world. He then expanded his operations by acquiring the Picchiotti shipyard in La Spezia, a pioneering builder of luxury motor vessels, followed by the Yildiz yard in Tuzla, Istanbul.

GALILEO G

INSPIRED BY TECHNOLOGY.
DRIVEN BY DESIGN

Innovative, inspirational and enterprising, Perini Navi has been a global leader in the design and construction of luxury sailing and motoryachts for over 35 years

 

NAUTILUS

Presented by Romano Pisciotti

IVECO Daily 4×4

New Daily 4×4 competes in a small but very important market niche of working 4×4 vehicles. It is a market that has grown over the years reflecting the importance of the market segment; that of professional all wheel drive vehicles that are able to go anywhere and are expected to do so, typically with users such as utility companies and specialist applications.

Iveco’s expertise in this market spreads right across the range – Daily, Eurocargo and Trakker – covering all aspects of vehicle operation from the highest of hills to the deepest of valleys, these all wheel drive vehicles are exceedingly rugged taking men and equipment where they are most needed, often in emergency conditions. The reliability of these vehicles is second to no other category as is their capability to operate under normal conditions too. Driver comfort too is not compromised. Driving off road is often stressful; not always the fun pastime it would seem.

Daily

 

Behind the wheel of Daily 4×4

New Daily 4×4 looks the part. It rides high off the ground giving the driver an excellent field of view, an essential aspect where off road often means no roads, which of course contributes to its off road performance. The approach angle of 51°, ramp angle of up to 35°, the departure angle of up to 42° and wading capability of 700 mm confirm new Daily to be the go anywhere vehicle it is designed to be. New Daily 4×4 is immediately recognisable by the cab style carried over from new Daily but with a new front bumper in which are mounted the fog and dipped headlights.

Interior cab comforts are carried over from New Daily as is the crew cab, providing seating for the driver and up to six passengers. Driver essential controls such as the dash mounted gear shift, in common with new Daily, and the transfer box controls are ergonomically sited. There is excellent provision for documents and other essential items in the cab. Up to three DIN slots are available to house the radio, tachograph, if required, and other accessories like GPS navigation system. Driver and passenger seating can be tailored to suit customer requirements including features such as suspension seating and seat heating.

The power to do the job

The most powerful engine from the new Daily range, the 176 Cv 3.0 litre HPT engine, ensures the most can be made of new Daily’s off road capability. Off road it may be but environmentally sound it most certainly is. New Daily 4×4 is certified to the Euro IV emission levels and comes equipped with a Diesel Particulate Filter as part of its standard equipment. Thanks to the advanced common rail fuel injection system, continuous regeneration of the filter is ensured even when the engine isn’t working particularly hard, such as stationary power take off conditions. The engine is coupled to the ZF 6S400 overdrive transmission and the remote mounted transfer box with a third differential to provide permanent four wheel drive under all conditions, off and on road. When the going gets tough, the standard third differential lock and rear axle differential lock keep Daily 4×4 moving. If required, the front axle differential lock is available as a production option. All differential locks can be engaged with the vehicle in motion and automatically disengage when the vehicle exceeds differing speeds depending on the differential lock concerned.

Romano Pisciotti, MPI Dealer in Nigeria. italmotor@gmail.com