The book-form is determined by our anatomy.

There are those who argue that a tombstone will be placed on ebooks decreeing the victory of paper books. Those who instead support the convenience of reading on electronic media, greater ease of retrieval of texts, the possibility of containing, in a small space, a large amount of books waiting to be “clicked”. A paper book can be leafed through, touched, smelled. We admire the cover, the characters used, the skill of the publishers. Ideas, impressions, emotions captured in the hic et nun of reading are jotted down, underlining sentences, marking words, making orecchiette pages. And then maybe after years he takes back that particular book put to rest on who knows what lost shelf in the library. Maybe a little dust on top. You open it, you start turning the pages again. It comes back to life, not only the story hidden among those characters, but the memory of the moment we bought it, brought it home, read it before falling asleep. Memory reactivator, that book.

Humanity has gone on for centuries reading and writing first on stones, then on tablets, then on scrolls, but it was an unlikely effort. When he discovered that sheets could be bound together, even if they were still manuscripts, he sighed with relief. And he will never be able to give up this wonderful tool again. The book-form is determined by our anatomy.

So wrote Umberto Eco

The digital revolution gives us the tools to build a different way to create, express ideas, build bridges between distant worlds, develop the ability to connect, bring together, to make everything more practical and within reach. Is this the ebook? We have it there, in your pocket, just a click away. And he has no intention of replacing anyone.


Presented by Romano Pisciotti

The first generation of the Fiat 600

The first generation of the Fiat 600 can be considered the first “modern” city car of the FIAT brand: unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in 1955, it was fitted with a 0.6-liter four-cylinder engine (mounted in the rear position) capable of generating a power of 21 hp.

Born to replace the obsolete 500 “Topolino”, it was slightly modified in 1957 (power increased to 22 HP and descending rather than sliding windows). In the following years there were further increases in power: 24 hp in 1959 and 29 in 1960 in conjunction with the launch of the D version. The last significant change came in 1964 with the doors hinged at the front.

The Fiat 600 is universally recognized as the car that motorized the Italians, but thanks to the numerous variants produced under license abroad it has also seduced many foreign motorists, especially in the former Yugoslavia (thanks to Zastava) and Spain (Seat).


Presented by Romano Pisciotti


THE STIRRUP / La staffa

Around the eighth century, between 730 and 740 there was a sharp discontinuity in the history of European warfare, caused by the introduction, from India through China, of the stirrup. 

The stirrup is a curious element in the history of technology, because it is easy to make and inexpensive, but it brings about big changes compared to what a warrior can do on horseback. As long as a man is held in the saddle by the pressure of his knees, he can handle a spear only with the strength of his arms. But when the lateral support of the brackets is added to the front and rear support of the knob and the saddle of the heavy saddle, horse and rider become one. 

Now the rider can put the spear in the rest between the arm and the torso. The blow is no longer struck with the muscular strength of a man but rather by the impetus of a charging steed and the rider. The stirrup thus made it possible to replace human force with animal force. It was the technological basis of horse fighting, the typical Western fighting technique in the Middle Ages.

Intorno all’VIII secolo, tra il 730 e il 740 ci fu una netta discontinuità nella storia della guerra europea, causata dall’introduzione, dall’India attraverso la Cina, della staffa.

La staffa è un elemento curioso nella storia della tecnologia, perché è facile da realizzare e poco costosa, ma comporta grandi cambiamenti rispetto a quello che può fare un guerriero a cavallo. Finché un uomo è tenuto in sella dalla pressione delle ginocchia, può maneggiare una lancia solo con la forza delle sue braccia. Ma quando il supporto laterale delle staffe viene aggiunto al supporto anteriore e posteriore del pomello e della sella della sella pesante, cavallo e cavaliere diventano una cosa sola.

Ora il cavaliere può mettere la lancia in resta tra il braccio e il busto. Il colpo non è più sferrato con la forza muscolare di un uomo ma piuttosto con l’impeto di un destriero in carica e del cavaliere. La staffa ha così reso possibile sostituire la forza umana con la forza animale. Era la base tecnologica del combattimento a cavallo, la tipica tecnica di combattimento occidentale nel Medioevo.

Presented by Romano Pisciotti

Maserati Royale

Maserati Royale: The ultimate in exclusivity
by Piero Evangelisti

“Royale” is an adjective that in the automotive field evokes great GTs of the past and to use it today it is essential that the cars for which it is intended are true masterpieces. Throughout its history, Maserati has always created unique models and exclusive series. Among these, the 1986 Royale version of the III generation Quattroporte stands out, a restyling available in exclusive blue and green colors, with revisited interiors, soft leather seats and extensive use of briar for the dashboard and door panels.

The Quattroporte Royale was equipped with a powerful 4.9-liter V8 engine with an output of 300 hp and only 51 exquisite pieces were produced. Today the House of the Trident pays tribute to its historical heritage with the launch of a special series of the same name, available on all models with V6 engines in the current range: a total of only 100 Maserati Quattroporte, Levante and Ghibli Royale will be produced with engines ranging from the 3.0 liter V6 diesel with 250 and 275 hp, to the 3 liter V6 petrol with 350 and 430 hp

Maserati Royale: Il massimo dell’esclusività

di Piero Evangelisti

“Royale” è un aggettivo che in campo automobilistico evoca grandi Gt del passato e per usarlo oggi è indispensabile che le auto alle quali viene destinato siano dei veri capolavori. Nel corso della propria storia Maserati ha sempre creato modelli unici e serie esclusive. Tra queste, spicca la versione Royale del 1986 della Quattroporte III generazione, un restyling disponibile in esclusivi colori blu e verde, con interni rivisitati, sedili in morbida pelle e ampio utilizzo di radica per la plancia e i pannelli porta.

La Quattroporte Royale era equipaggiata di un potente motore V8 da 4.9 litri con una potenza di 300 cv e ne furono prodotte soltanto 51 pregiatissimi pezzi. Oggi la Casa del Tridente rende omaggio al proprio patrimonio storico con il lancio di una serie speciale che porta lo stesso nome, disponibile su tutti i modelli con motori V6 presenti nella gamma attuale: complessivamente  soltanto 100 Maserati Quattroporte, Levante e Ghibli Royale saranno prodotte con motori che vanno dal V6 diesel 3.0 litri da 250 e 275 cv, al benzina V6 3 litri da 350 e 430 cv. 


Presented by ITALMOTOR, Romano Pisciotti








Motor Parts Industry ( MPI )

WORKSHOP: 231 Moshood Abiola Way, Ijora (old APAPA Road)

P.O.Box 198 Apapa, Lagos – Nigeria.

Romano Pisciotti

ASTRA IVECO: fearless truck


ASTRA designs and builds tailor-made off-road vehicles, dumpers and special vehicles to perform the most demanding mining operations.

Our unique HD9 and HHD9 models maximise productivity thanks to a load capacity of up to 65 tons. Different traction configurations are available to successfully tackle even the most difficult terrains, from 4×2 to 8×8 (including versions 4×4, 6×4, 6×6, 8×4 and 8×6).

Presented by Romano Pisciotti


WORKSHOP: 231 Moshood Abiola Way, Ijora (old APAPA Road)

P.O.Box 198 Apapa, Lagos – Nigeria.

Romano Pisciotti

The drawbridge


Defensive reinforcement of more or less articulated fortified structures consisting of a tipping platform across the moat that frequently goes beyond the door it closes, supported with chains and “bolts”, equipped with suspended beams that allow it to be raised from the inside the fortress by means of a game of minimal differences between weight and counterweight (usually a large stone or caissons full of stones), and defended, in turn, by the walls built above the entrance.

Origins and historical evolution

The drawbridge, which spread in a particular way starting from the 12th century, was born from the need to make up for both the congenital weakness of the access doors to the fortified complexes of a certain importance (vulnerability linked to the difficulty of opening breaches in the walls) and the uncertainty of maneuvering of the winch shutters. However, it is not difficult to find castles of lesser importance enriched with doors and bridges with multiple defenses represented, for example, by a drawbridge, a vertical sliding gate and a double door with steering wheel, all spaced and operated in succession and according to various modality.

Construction features

The rapid and wide spread of the drawbridge allows to reach almost standardized technologies and almost constant shapes and sizes in a short time. In most cases it is, in fact, from 3 to 3.5 meters wide and a little more than 5 meters high, operated by two “bolzoni” in the general case of a driveway or by a single “bolt” and an iron “fork” in the case of small open pedestrian “pusterle”, usually built next to the former. The function of the “bolzone” is to act as a counterweight, whereby, rising and placing itself in a vertical slot specially prepared above the fulcrum, in the wall thickness above the door, it makes it possible and quick to open the bridge.

Less frequent types of drawbridge than the “counterweight” bridge are the “steelyard” bridge, ie self-balancing as it is half inside and half outside the door, and the so-called “sagging” bridge, because, in case of opening, made to slide below the threshold of the door, into the moat and against the curtain wall; in the latter case, the doorway is closed by barricading only the doors or the shutter.

In most cases, the drawbridge serves to cross the moat built around the defensive complex, but since it is often unable, by virtue of its dimensions alone, to offer sufficient length to reach the opposite bank with a single span, usually rests the free ends on an intermediate crossbar, parallel to the door and called “battiponte”, which allows you to reach the bank with one or more fixed bridge spans (brick or wood) which, at the time of the enemy attack, can be easily disassemble or even destroy with shots practiced by the bertesche above the castle entrance.


Presented by Romano Pisciotti