Cupola del Brunelleschi

It/Eng.version
Cupola del Brunelleschi
«Chi mai sì duro o sì invido non lodasse Pippo architetto vedendo qui struttura sì grande, erta sopra e’ cieli, ampla da coprire con sua ombra tutti e’ popoli toscani, fatta sanza alcuno aiuto di travamenti o di copia di legname, quale artificio certo, se io ben iudico, come a questi tempi era incredibile potersi, così forse appresso gli antichi fu non saputo né conosciuto?»
(Leon Battista Alberti, De pictura)

 

La cupola di Brunelleschi è la copertura della crociera del Duomo di Firenze; al momento della costruzione era la cupola più grande del mondo e rimane tuttora la più grande cupola in muratura mai costruita (il diametro massimo della cupola interna è di 45,5 metri, mentre quello dell’esterna è di 54,8). Grazie alla fondamentale rilevanza che essa ha rivestito per il successivo sviluppo dell’architettura e della moderna concezione del costruire, essa è tutt’oggi la più importante opera architettonica mai edificata in Europa dall’epoca romana.

La sua grandezza impedì il tradizionale metodo costruttivo mediante l’ausilio di cèntine, facendo sì che venissero formulate molte ipotesi sulla tecnica costruttiva impiegata.

Ricostruzione dei ponteggi

Sezione
Alzato e sezione

 

 

A Renaissance masterpiece, the Duomo’s cupola – 91m high and 45.5m wide – was built between 1420 and 1436. Filippo Brunelleschi, taking inspiration from the Pantheon in Rome, designed a distinctive octagonal form of inner and outer concentric domes that rests on the drum of the cathedral rather than the roof itself. Four million bricks were used, laid in consecutive rings according to a vertical herringbone pattern.

The cupola crowning the Duomo is a feat of engineering and one that cannot be fully appreciated without climbing its 463 interior stone steps.

The climb up the spiral staircase is relatively steep, and should not be attempted if you are claustrophobic. Make sure to pause when you reach the balustrade at the base of the dome, which gives an aerial view of the octagonal coro (choir) of the cathedral below and the seven round stained-glass windows (by Donatello, Andrea del Castagno, Paolo Uccello and Lorenzo Ghiberti) that pierce the octagonal drum.

Look up and you’ll see flamboyant late-16th-century frescoes by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari, depicting the Giudizio Universale (Last Judgement).

affreschi
Affreschi della cupola

As you climb, snapshots of Florence can be spied through small windows. The final leg – a straight, somewhat hazardous flight up the curve of the inner dome – rewards with an unforgettable 360-degree panorama of one of Europe’s most beautiful cities.

Duomo di Firenze

 

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Ferrari Monza

Ferrari Monza

Presented by ITALMOTOR

The Ferrari Monza SP1 and SP2 are the forerunners in a new concept, known as ‘Icona’ (Icon), that taps into a leitmotif of the most evocative cars in the company’s history to create a new segment of special limited series cars for clients and collectors. The intention is to use a modern aesthetic to reinterpret a timeless style, with technologically advanced components and the highest performance possible through continuous innovation.

 

Ferrari Monza
Ferrari Monza SP1

The Ferrari Monza SP1 and SP2 are inspired by barchettas of the 1950s which were driven to victory in international motor sport not just by official works team drivers from the Scuderia, but also by a legion of gentlemen drivers who, in those years, frequently found themselves wheel to wheel with legendary professional drivers of the era.

The first ever Ferrari to be referred to as a barchetta was the open-top version of the 1948 166 MM. The name was coined by Giovanni Agnelli who, upon seeing the car for the first time at the Turin Motor Show that year, commented that it was less like a car and more like a barchetta, referring to the Italian for a small speed boat. The Touring-bodied 166 MM barchetta wrote Ferrari’s name firmly in the history books, winning first the Mille Miglia and then the grueling 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1949. This model was followed by other extraordinarily successful Ferrari Sports cars, such as the 750 Monza and 860 Monza which were inspiration for the name of the new models.

Barchettas were similar to spiders in form (two seaters), but had no roof or weather equipment. Instead of a full windscreen, they were equipped with just a small screen (single or wrap-around) and a removable tonneau cover over the passenger side. The Monza SP1 and SP2 are similar in concept, although the main difference is that they can be ordered either as a single-seater or as a two-seater.

The result is a car that seems sculpted by the wind. It is the purity of the styling elements that impresses – an aesthetic that is futuristic but, at the same time, a respectful yet un-nostalgic homage to the past.

Enzo Ferrari used to say that “If there is such a thing as a soul, engines have one”. This model’s soul is, as is true of all Ferraris, in its engine. The Ferrari Monza SP1 and SP2 are equipped with the most powerful naturally-aspirated V12 ever produced by Ferrari. Thanks to specific areas of development, the power of the 812 Superfast’s 6.5 litre has been increased by 10 cv to 810 cv at 8500 rpm with a slight increase in torque to 719 Nm at 7000 rpm.

Just like on racing cars, extensive use of carbon-fibre has been made throughout the construction of the Monza SP1 and SP2 to make them light and responsive and to enhance their sporty, aggressive visual appeal.

As these are completely en plein air sports cars with no windscreen, one of the biggest challenges was to create an aerodynamic solution that would ensure the driver enjoys the performance of the cars without being affected by issues caused by the barchetta configuration. The result was the patented “Virtual Wind Shield” which is integrated into the fairing ahead of the instrument panel and the steering wheel, providing exceptional driving comfort.

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Ferrari
Ferrari Monza SP2

Intermeccanica

La Costruzione Automobili Intermeccanica (oggi conosciuta come Intermeccanica International Inc. o più semplicemente Intermeccanica) è una casa automobilistica fondata a Torino nel 1959 da Frank Reisner. Oggi la compagnia è guidata da Henry Reisner, figlio di Frank, e ha il suo quartier generale a Vancouver.

Intermeccanica (formally Construzione Automobili Intermeccanica) is an automobile manufacturer, founded in Torino, Italy, in 1959 by Frank Reisner. It subsequently moved first to the United States, then to Canada, and is currently headed by Frank’s son, Henry Reisner.

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Intermeccanica
1968 Italia

IVECO Overland

Overland

The OEX by Hamid Reza Bekhradi seems to be the future of the “overland trucks,” currently in use for the touristic overland expeditions. Developed for the year 2020, in collaboration with Fiat Professional design center and IVECO styling office, the concept vehicle largely focuses on improving the visibility of the passengers on board to enhance their experience. Featuring a big porthole with panoramic seats facing the sides of the road and a hatch on the tail that opens toward the rear, together with a lateral extendible balcony with a built-in binocular, the sightseeing vehicle lets the passengers view as well shoot all around without any obstruction.

MPI, Lagos: IVECO Sales & Assistance

Mail to Romano Pisciotti italmotor@gmail.com

IVECO
MPI IVECO, Lagos Nigeria

Ferrari, history of speed

 

 

It/Eng.version

1959 Grand Prix de France….by history of speed

 

The race was won by British driver Tony Brooks driving a Ferrari Dino 246.

 

Brooks dominated the race, leading all 50 laps and winning by 27 seconds over his American Scuderia Ferrari team mate Phil Hill.

 

 

Gran Premio di Francia del 1959 … .di storia della velocità

 

La gara è stata vinta dal pilota britannico Tony Brooks alla guida di una Ferrari Dino 246.

 

Brooks ha dominato la gara, guidando tutti i 50 giri e vincendo di 27 secondi sul suo compagno di squadra americano Phil Scuderia Ferrari.

 

Il nome Dino era in omaggio allo scomparso figlio di Enzo Ferrari mentre la sigla 246 indicava la cilindrata di 2,4 litri ed il numero di cilindri 6 con disposizione a V. Questa denominazione, ereditata dalla precedente 206, venne ripresa anche dalle successive 208 e 308 GT4.

Dino Ferrari

The name “Dino” honors the founder’s late son, Alfredo “Dino” Ferrari, credited with designing the V6 engine used in the car. Along with engineer Vittorio Jano, Dino persuaded his father to produce a line of racing cars in the 1950s with V6 and V8 engines.

 

Ferrari Dino 246 1958

 

Ferrari Dino 246 S (1960)

 

 

Ferrari Dino 246 Tasmania (1968 – 69)

Ferrari Dino berlinetta speciale

Ferrari Dino
1967 – Ferrari Dino 206:246 GT (Pininfarina)

 

 

Presented by Romano Pisciotti

Citroen-Maserati

La Citroën SM, più conosciuta in Italia come Citroën-Maserati, è un’autovettura di fascia alta prodotta dalla casa francese Citroën dal 1970 al 1975.

The Citroën SM, better known in Italy as Citroën-Maserati, is a high-end car produced by the French company Citroën from 1970 to 1975.

 

Presented by ITALMOTOR, Romano Pisciotti

Citroen-sm-presidentielle