Roman dams

Roman technology is the collection of techniques, skills, methods, processes, and engineering practices utilized and developed by the civilization of ancient Rome (753 BC – 476 AD).The Roman Empire was a technologically advanced civilization of antiquity. The Romans incorporated technologies from the Greeks, Etruscans, and Celts. The technology developed by a civilization is limited by the available sources of energy, and the Romans were no different in this sense. Accessible sources of energy determine the ways in which power is generated. The main types of power accessed by the ancient Romans were human, animal, and water.

With these limited sources of power, the Romans managed to build impressive structures, some of which survive to this day. The durability of Roman structures, such as roads, dams, and buildings, is accounted for the building techniques and practices they utilized in their construction projects. Rome and her surrounding area contained various types of volcanic materials, which Romans experimented with the creation of building materials, particularly cements and mortars.  Along with concrete, the Romans used stone, wood, and marble as building materials. They used these materials to construct civil engineering projects for their cities and transportation devices for land and sea travel.

Dams

The Romans built dams for water collection, such as the Subiaco Dams, two of which fed Anio Novus, one of the largest aqueducts of Rome. They built 72 dams in just one country, Spain and many more are known across the Empire, some of which are still in use. At one site, Montefurado in Galicia, they appear to have built a dam across the river Sil to expose alluvial gold deposits in the bed of the river. The site is near the spectacular Roman gold mine of Las Medulas. Several earthen dams are known from Britain, including a well-preserved example from Roman Lanchester, Longovicium, where it may have been used in industrial-scale smithing or smelting, judging by the piles of slag found at this site in northern England. Tanks for holding water are also common along aqueduct systems, and numerous examples are known from just one site, the gold mines at Dolaucothi in west Wales. Masonry dams were common in North Africa for providing a reliable water supply from the wadis behind many settlements.

The Romans built dams to store water for irrigation. They understood that spillways were necessary to prevent the erosion of earth-packed banks. In Egypt, the Romans adopted the water technology known as wadi irrigation from the Nabataeans. Wadis were a technique developed to capture large amounts of water produced during the seasonal floods and store it for the growing season.

The Romans also constructed the world’s first arch dam in the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis, now modern-day southwest France, in the 1st century BCE

The dam was about 12 metres (39 ft) high and 18 metres (59 ft) in length. Its radius was about 14 m (46 ft), and it consisted of two masonry walls.

The Romans successfully developed the technique further for a larger scale.

 

 

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Presented by Romano Pisciotti

Italian planes of the Second World War

 

 

The first is an extraordinary fighter jet of aerial supremacy, the FIAT G55 Centauro and the second is a four-engine strategic bomber, the Piaggio P 108. The first arrived too late and the second too sophisticated for the limited possibility of finding materials of the highest quality and too much futuristic for the industrial capacities of the time. Both however produced in very limited numbers. They were extremely competitive, so much so that the Germans considered the FIAT G55 to be the best piston engine fighter aircraft in the world (This clarification is a must since they had already put the Messershmitt 262 into production, an arrow wing aerator that it was the best fighter ever) and the Piaggio P108 was a four-engine comparable to the American Boeing B 17. The strong limit is summarized in the numbers produced, the USA produced something like thirteen thousand B 17, the famous “Flying Fortresses” and the Kingdom of Italy only about thirty P 108, a production difference of about one to four hundred. The only aircrafts to have posed a serious threat also to the specimens produced were the Macchi MC 202 fighter and the Savoia Marchetti SM 79 bomber three-engine, born as a civil aircraft, converted into a bomber during the Spanish War and discovered in the vocation of torpedo bombers towards the middle of the Second World War.

Angelo Spinelli, translation of Romano Pisciotti (ITALMOTOR)

FPT INDUSTRIAL

FPT Industrial is the company of the CNH Industrial group dedicated to the design, production and sale of power units for on-road, off-road, marine and power generation industrial vehicle applications.

 

The company was born on January 1, 2011, following the partial demerger of the then Fiat Group which led to the birth of the new Fiat Industrial group: the activities relating to the industrial & marine part, which since 2005 were under the Iveco Motors brand, of Fiat-Iveco then merged into the new company FPT Industrial SpA

The company employs approximately 8,400 employees worldwide, located in 10 factories and 6 research and development centers. The existence of a distribution network of 93 dealers and over 899 service points ensures the presence of FPT Industrial in over 100 countries. 

Presented by ITALMOTOR

Romano Pisciotti

info Nigeria: (MPI) Motor Parts Industry

italmotor@gmail.com

FIAT 131

The Fiat 131 is a family sedan manufactured and marketed by Fiat from 1974 to 1984 after its debut at the 1974 Turin Motor Show. Available as a two-door and four-door saloon and 5-door estate across a single generation, the 131 succeeded the Fiat 124.

The 131 was also marketed as the Fiat Mirafiori, after the Turin suburb where the cars were manufactured. Initially, the 131 was offered with 1.3 L and 1.6 L overhead valve engines and the range received revisions in 1978 and 1981. Production reached 1,513,800.

Presented by Romano Pisciotti

TONS ON WHEELS

Astra vehicles are developed to tackle the most difficult challenges.
The ASTRA extra-reinforced steel chassis provides unparalleled loading capacity, to satisfy the most demanding requirements of towing missions.
Astra vehicles offer a wide range of traction solutions: from the simple and robust 6×4 version, to the 8×6 and 8×8 versions, all are extremely stable and available in a rigid version, with single or double cab.
Engines offer a maximum power output up to 560 hp, and can be equipped with larger radiators and additional cooling systems for hot climates. The versatile and robust drive train includes torque converter gearboxes and extra-strong drive axles (up to 10 ton on the front, and 20 ton on the rear).

Vehicles can be fitted with larger tyres, special towing hooks, reinforced cross members and high-capacity fuel tanks. Tailor-made transformations are performed directly in our factory to guarantee the highest quality standards.
Everything is designed to perform well (and last) with high-haulage vehicle combinations in excess of 300 tons.

INFO ASTRA – IVECO in Nigeria:

Motor Parts Industry

Romano Pisciotti  italmotor@gmail.com

 

Arsenale of Venice – Arsenale di Venezia

 

With its 48 hectares of territory, located in the eastern edge of the Ancient City, in the heart of the lagoon system that includes the islands and the coast, the Arsenale of Venice undoubtedly constitutes one of the most interesting areas for the sustainable development of the entire metropolitan territory . In addition to its great historical and monumental value, in fact, it has large spaces of architectural and landscape quality and the charm of a functional organization intertwined between land and water.

 

Over the centuries, the names of the spaces and buildings have stratified over the places of the Arsenale. Some of these names refer to the construction phases of the complex, others to the morphology of the places, others have kept the memory of the work that was carried out on the buildings.

Con i suoi 48 ettari di territorio, collocati nel margine orientale della Città Antica, nel cuore del sistema lagunare che comprende le isole e il litorale, l’Arsenale di Venezia costituisce indubbiamente uno degli ambiti più interessanti per lo sviluppo sostenibile di tutto il territorio metropolitano. Oltre al suo grande valore storicomonumentale, infatti, esso è dotato di ampi spazi di qualità architettonica e paesaggistica e del fascino di un’organizzazione funzionale intrecciata tra terra e acqua.

Sui luoghi dell’Arsenale si sono stratificati, in secoli di storia, anche i nomi degli spazi e degli edifici. Alcuni di questi nomi fanno riferimento a fasi di costruzione del complesso, altri alla morfologia dei luoghi, altri hanno mantenuto impressa negli edifici la memoria delle lavorazioni che vi si eseguivano.

State shipyard built in the twelfth century, the Arsenale has developed to become, for centuries, the largest shipyard in the world. The buildings and production spaces maintained their original function until the beginning of the First World War and were subject, due to the evolution of shipbuilding techniques, to constant physical-functional adjustments. Reached the pinnacle of territorial development in the years of World War I, during the 1900s the Arsenal experienced a progressive abandonment by production activities and a strong contraction in the occupation of spaces by the Navy.
In 2013, the Municipality of Venice became the owner of a portion equal to almost 2/3 of the compendium, effectively assuming the role of main promoter of the Arsenale able to significantly affect its future development more than any other.


The Municipal Administration is therefore committed to promoting development strategies and policies aimed at relaunching the compendium from an urban and functional point of view. In addition to its great historical-monumental value, in fact, the Arsenale of Venice has large spaces of architectural and landscape quality and the charm of a functional organization intertwined between land and water. Qualities that make the Arsenale a place of great potential for the development of activities useful for rebalancing the city towards functions capable of creating well-being, jobs and services not exclusively related to the tourist economy.

Cantiere di Stato sorto nel XII secolo, l’Arsenale si è sviluppato fino a diventare, per secoli, la maggiore fabbrica navale del mondo. Gli edifici e gli spazi produttivi hanno mantenuto la loro funzione originaria fino all’inizio della prima guerra mondiale e sono stati oggetto, a ragione dell’evoluzione delle tecniche cantieristiche, di costanti adeguamenti fisico-funzionali. Raggiunto l’apice dello sviluppo territoriale negli anni della I Guerra Mondiale, nel corso del ‘900 l’Arsenale ha conosciuto un progressivo abbandono da parte delle attività produttive e una forte contrazione dell’occupazione degli spazi da parte della Marina Militare.
Nel 2013 il Comune di Venezia è diventato proprietario di una porzione pari a quasi i 2/3 del compendio, assumendo di fatto il ruolo di principale soggetto promotore dell’Arsenale in grado di incidere più di ogni altro in modo significativo sul suo futuro sviluppo.

 

L’Amministrazione Comunale è quindi impegnata nella promozione di strategie e politiche di sviluppo finalizzate al rilancio del compendio sotto il profilo urbanistico e funzionale. Oltre al suo grande valore storico-monumentale, infatti, L’Arsenale di Venezia è dotato di ampi spazi di qualità architettonica e paesaggistica e del fascino di un’organizzazione funzionale intrecciata tra terra e acqua. Qualità che fanno dell’Arsenale un luogo di grande potenzialità per lo sviluppo di attività utili al riequilibrio della città verso funzioni capaci di creare benessere, posti di lavoro e servizi non esclusivamente legati all’economia turistica.

Presentato da Romano Pisciotti

ASTRA – IVECO in Nigeria

Some opportunities ready for shipping….

italmotor@gmail.com

Romano Pisciotti

The HD9 tractor stands out for the strength and reliability it guarantees in off-road conditions.

It is used particularly for oversize loads (trailers, half-trailers or dual-use) in the oil and extraction sectors, thanks its ability to adapt to difficult and adverse weather and terrain conditions, from the heat of the African deserts to the ice of Alaska.

Available in a 2 or 3-axle and tridem version, it offers a combined total weight above 200 tons.

 

Robust and reliable, but also drivable and easy to maintain to be ready to tackle any route, on any type of terrain, in any weather conditions, whenever.

Romano Pisciotti

(MPI) MOTOR PARTS NIGERIA

IVECO ASTRA in Nigeria

 

italmotor@gmail.com

 

http://www.italmotor.tech

 

WORKSHOP: 231 Moshood Abiola Way, Ijora (old APAPA Road)

P.O.Box 198 Apapa, Lagos – Nigeria.

 

My dear ITALMOTOR

      ITALMOTOR  300x255 ITALMOTOR

 

“ITALMOTOR” was an old oil tanker,

was a very special tanker, one of the few equipped with two propellers and with many tanks able to always offer the perfect floating trim.

Tanker – Built in 1953 by Ansaldo, Sestri Ponente, for Italnavi
Soc. Di Navigazione SpA, Genoa.

DWT 26,278, Lft 191,3 mt., Width ft 25.0 mt., 2 diesel, 16.0 knots – 12.1976: demolished in La Spezia, Italy.

 

 

launch 300x241 ITALMOTOR

 

Romano Pisciotti: embarked in 1974

 

THE MASERATI GHIBLI HYBRID

The new light hybrid engine, based on the 4-cylinder 2.0 turbo petrol engine, delivers a total of 330 hp. The Maserati Ghibli Hybrid will be available from September 2020.

Il nuovo motore ibrido leggero, basato sul 4 cilindri 2.0 turbo a benzina, eroga complessivamente 330 CV. La Maserati Ghibli Hybrid sarà disponibile da settembre 2020.

PRESTAZIONI DA V6 – A dispetto della cilindrata di due litri, ridotta per un motore della Maserati, il 4 cilindri ha numeri in linea con propulsori di maggiore cubatura: la Ghibli Hybrid ha 330 CV a 5.750 giri e 450 Nm di coppia a 4.000 giri.

PERFORMANCE FROM V6 – Despite the two-liter displacement, reduced for a Maserati engine, the 4-cylinder has numbers in line with larger cubic capacity engines: the Ghibli Hybrid has 330 HP at 5,750 rpm and 450 Nm of torque at 4,000 rpm.

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